AWs-305 VoQS:音质符号(2016中英双语版)

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VoQS:音质符号 Voice Quality Symbols

气流类型 Airstream Types

颊气流
buccal airstream
肺部吸气言语
pulmonic ingressive speech
Œ食管气流
œsophageal airstream
Ю气管–食管言语
tracheo-œsophageal speech

发声类型 Phonation Types

V常态浊声
modal voice
F假声
falsetto
W耳语
whisper
C嘎裂
creak
耳语声
whispery voice
嘎裂声
creaky voice
气声
breathy voice
V!糙声
harsh voice
耳语假声
whispery falsetto
嘎裂假声
creaky falsetto
F!糙假声
harsh falsetto
C!糙嘎裂
harsh creak
Ṿ!糙耳语声
harsh whispery voice
V̰!糙嘎裂声
harsh creaky voice
V̰̣耳语嘎裂声
whispery creaky voice
V̰̣!糙耳语嘎裂声
harsh whispery creaky voice
F̰̣耳语嘎裂假声
whispery creaky falsetto
F̰̣!糙耳语嘎裂假声
harsh whispery creaky falsetto
弛/松声
slack/lax voice
挤喉发声/紧声
pressed phonation / tight voice
V‼室襞性发声
ventricular phonation
V̬‼复音
diplophonia
Ṿ‼耳语室襞性发声
whispery ventricular phonation
V杓状会厌襞性发声
aryepiglottic phonation
痉挛性发声障碍
spasmodic dysphonia
И电子喉发声
electrolarynx phonation

喉位高度 Larynx Height

喉位偏高声
raised-larynx voice
喉位偏低声
lowered-larynx voice

喉上形态 Supralaryngeal Settings

唇部形态、舌部形态、软腭状态、颌和舌的形态
Labial settings, lingual settings, state of the velum, jaw and tongue settings

Vꟹ唇化声(开圆唇)
labialized voice (open rounded)
唇化声(闭圆唇)
labialized voice (close rounded)
展唇声
spread-lip voice
Vᶹ唇齿化声
labio-dentalized voice
舌尖化声
linguo-apicalized voice
舌叶化声
linguo-laminalized voice
卷舌声
retroflex voice
齿化声
dentalized voice
龈化声
alveolarized voice
V͇ʲ腭–龈化声
palato-alveolarized voice
腭化声
palatalized voice
软腭化声
velarized voice
小舌化声
uvularized voice
咽化声
pharyngealized voice
V̙ˤ喉–咽化声
laryngo-pharyngealized voice
Vꟸ咽门化声
faucalized voice
鼻化声
nasalized voice
去鼻化声
denasalized voice
颌位偏开声
open-jaw voice
颌位偏闭声
close-jaw voice
颌位偏右声
right offset-jaw voice
颌位偏左声
left offset-jaw voice
颌位突出声
protruded-jaw voice
Θ舌突出声
protruded-tongue voice

带标签的大括号和数字用来标记音质的等级和组合:
Labeled braces and numerals mark degree and combinations of voice quality:

[ˈnɔ˞məl ˈvɔɪs {3V! ˈvɛɹi ˈhɑ˞ʃ ˈvɔɪs 3V!} {L̝ 1V! ˈlɛs ˈhɑ˞ʃ ˈvɔɪs wɪð ˈɹeɪzd ˈlæɹɪŋks 1V! L̝}]

© 2016 Martin J. Ball, John H. Esling, B. Craig Dickson2020 unt译

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